- Although you explore the subject, narrow or broaden your target while focusing on something which gives the most results that are promising.
- Do not choose a big subject when you have to write a 3 page long paper, and broaden your topic sufficiently if you have to submit at least 25 pages.
- Speak to your class instructor (as well as your classmates) concerning the topic.
- Find primary and secondary sources in the library.
- Read and critically analyse them.
- Make notes.
- Compile surveys, collect data, gather materials for quantitative analysis (if they are good methods to investigate the topic more deeply).
- Show up with new ideas about the topic. Make an effort to formulate your opinions in a few sentences.
- Write a short outline of the future paper.
- Review your notes and other materials and enrich the outline.
- You will need to estimate the length of time the parts that are individual be.
- It really is helpful if you’re able to talk about your intend to a friends that are fewbrainstorming) or even to your professor.
- Do others determine what you want to express?
- Do they accept it as new knowledge or important and relevant for a paper?
- Do they agree that your thinking will result in a paper that is successful?
Methods, Thesis, and Hypothesis
- Qualitative: gives answers on questions (how, why, when, who, what, etc.) by investigating a problem
- Quantitative:requires data and also the analysis of data as well
- the essence, the point of this research paper within one or two sentences.
- a statement that may be proved or disproved.
Clarity, Precision, and Academic Expression
- Be specific.
- Avoid ambiguity.
- Use predominantly the voice that is active not the passive.
- Deal with one issue in one paragraph.
- Be accurate.
- Double-check important computer data, references, citations and statements.
- Avoid using familiar style or colloquial/slang expressions.
- Write in full sentences.
- Check out the meaning of the language if you do not know precisely what they mean.
- Avoid metaphors.
- Write a detailed outline.
- Almost the content that is rough of paragraph.
- Your order of the topics that are various your paper.
- On the basis of the outline, start writing a part by planning the content, and then write it down.
- Put a visible mark (that you will later delete) for which you need to quote a source, and write within the citation whenever you finish writing that part or a more impressive part.
- It loud for yourself or somebody else when you are ready with a longer part, read.
- Does the text add up?
- Might you explain what you wanted?
- Did you write sentences that are good?
- Can there be something missing?
- Check the spelling.
- Complete the citations, bring them in standard format.
- Adjust margins, spacing, paragraph indentation, place of page numbers, etc.
- Standardize the bibliography or footnotes according to the guidelines.
- Weak organization
- Poor support and development of ideas
- Weak usage of secondary sources
- Excessive errors
- Stylistic weakness
- Be systematic and organized (e.g. keep your bibliography neat and organized; write your notes in a neat way, so them later on that you can find.
- Make use of your thinking that is critical ability you read.
- Write down your thoughts (so them later) that you can reconstruct.
- Stop when you have a really good idea and think of it to a whole research paper whether you could enlarge. If yes, take much longer notes.
- When you take note of a quotation or summarize somebody else’s thoughts in your notes or perhaps in the paper, cite the source (for example. take note of the writer, title, publication place, year, page number).
- In the event that you quote or summarize a thought from the internet, cite the source that is internet.
- Write an overview that is detailed enough to remind you in regards to the content.
- Write in full sentences.
- Read your paper for yourself or, preferably, some other person.
- Once you finish writing, check the spelling;
- Make use of the citation form (MLA, Chicago, or other) that the instructor requires and use it everywhere.
- Cite your source every time when you quote part of somebody’s work.
- Cite your source every right time whenever you summarize a thought from somebody’s work.
- Cite your source every time when you use a source (quote or summarize) from the web.
Use the guidelines that your particular instructor requires (MLA, Chicago, APA, Turabian, etc.).
When collecting materials, selecting research topic, and writing the paper:
Plagiarism: someone else’s words or ideas presented without citation by an author
Consult the sources that are citing guide for further details.